Sermon for the Feast of the Most Holy Trinity

11th Jun 2017


Perichoresis means that whenever one person of the Trinity acts, the other two are involved, that each divine person permeates the other two without being merged into them, and  that they dwell in each other and communicate their life and love to One another. The Rublev icon of The Holy Trinity manages to communicate this very beautifully and simply and invites us to inhabit this sublime truth telling as being invited into the household of God’s love where a place is reserved for us and beckons us to come and eat at table as in the words of George Herbert:


LOVE bade me welcome; yet my soul drew back,     

      Guilty of dust and sin.           

But quick-eyed Love, observing me grow slack         

      From my first entrance in,      

Drew nearer to me, sweetly questioning              

      If I lack'd anything.    


'A guest,' I answer'd, 'worthy to be here:'     

     Love said, 'You shall be he.'     

'I, the unkind, ungrateful? Ah, my dear,       

      I cannot look on Thee.'             10

Love took my hand and smiling did reply,   

      'Who made the eyes but I?'     


'Truth, Lord; but I have marr'd them: let my shame   

      Go where it doth deserve.'     

'And know you not,' says Love, 'Who bore the blame?'            

      'My dear, then I will serve.'     

'You must sit down,' says Love, 'and taste my meat.'  

      So I did sit and eat.


The Persons of the Trinity cannot exist or act without relating to one another and by natural extension, to us. The existence of God is a relationship. As the Athanasian Creed puts it, "And in this Trinity none is afore, or after other; none is greater, or less than another; but the whole Three Persons are co-eternal together and co-equal." That is why between them, the opening verses of Genesis and John's gospel indicate that creation was the work of the Trinity. And that is why Jesus could tell the disciples that he is in the Father and the Father in him, why he could promise that the Holy Spirit would be with them and in them. On this Trinity Sunday we are stopped in our tracks and reminded that our proper response is to worship God who is Father, Son and Holy Spirit. And when we worship we introduce those elements of awe and wonder, and we describe our Christian Faith in the words of poetic utterance. John Donne memorably wrote,


O Blessed glorious Trinity,

Bones to Philosophy, but milk to faith.


We are confronted with a mystery and we will spend a lifetime not only pondering but living that mystery as a response to the God we experience as a real presence. Our only reasonable response lies in our true worship. As John Mason, the seventeenth century poet and hymn writer, put it, “we are best reduced to awed silence in the face of God's holy presence”. And he expresses something of this thinking in his famous hymn ‘How shall I sing that Majesty?’


How great a being, Lord, is thine,

Which doth all beings keep!

Thy knowledge is the only line

To sound so vast a deep.

Thou art a sea without a shore,

A sun without a sphere;

Thy time is now and ever more,

Thy place is everywhere.


It should not deter us that the things of God remain hidden from mere knowledge and that faith demands of us much courage and staying power. In the face of so-called ‘proofs to the contrary’ by Richard Dawkins and armchair critics, of those who cannot believe in a God who would allow human suffering the response is not to become argumentative but rather to let things be. There is no need for defensiveness. Without God and without an imperfect, suffering world, where would we be? Life would have us exist as automatons and the environment we lived in would resemble a sanatorium, where our basic freedoms would be denied. There would be no human hope. That hope would be denied humankind because there would be no recourse to the life of the complete person, living not just as a machine but as a soul, as a vulnerable human being made to live in freedom in the image and the likeness of the Maker, where life is not lived in a simple straight line, but is unpredictable, and ultimately unfathomable without living from its heart, which is God.


If you visit Dublin in Ireland you will want to go and see the great treasure of Ireland, which is the Book of Kells It was a treasure even in its own lifetime, made in about the year 800, and is a Book containing the Gospels and Books of the New Testament. This was a book not written but ‘illuminated’ and reveals to us the characteristic endless swirls and twists and turns in the calligraphy, apparently leading nowhere but ending and beginning somewhere. The life of God and the life of humankind is always interrelated, as are all things. These characteristic Celtic swirls also surround and support Christian symbols, and we have a marvellous illustration of Christ as a Celtic Chieftan, an imposing and frightening figure (See illustration). But the real point is that these Celtic Christians had combined old and new beliefs and their embrace of Christianity was one which did not extinguish the difficult questions that life posed for them. They would have lived harsh, brutal and brief lives in a hostile climate, and yet the illumination of their precious Christian Gospels is a sign of their desire to cling to the Gospel message in all its truth and beauty and at the same time not pretend that life was not like it was and that the people were not as they were. Life was difficult and the human terrain intractable and unbearable. And yet the swirling maze of beautifully and intricately crafted illumination shows an inner joy of spirit, of a knowing and unknowing, and an advanced and intense spirituality. A knowledge of God sprung from the human heart and soul; and all this at the end of what we call The Dark Ages. Out of the dark, there emerged illumination; light. This was the light of faith and the one which, burning in human hearts, proved then and now to be a living flame that would never be extinguished. Proof, if you needed proof of the existence of God in a form not merely gainsaid, but fully realised in the lives of whose being finds its true hope meaning in Him.


For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” has shone in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of the glory of God shining in the face of Jesus Christ. 2 Cor 4.2